I have worked with a bunch of animal control officers who believe that dogs like to live at the same temperatures as their owners. To a small degree they are correct, but they are mostly wrong.
Northern breed dogs like colder temperatures. My dog’s favorite temperature range is just above freezing. Cold weather finally makes use of the dog’s fur and allows them to finally cool down from the summer months.
Some dogs, like Chihuahuas seem to never find temperatures warm enough for them. Every dog is different and it is important as a responsible pet owner to research the temperature range that is best suited for your breed. Veterinarians are a handy resource.
Just because you own a northern breed dog, doesn’t mean that the dog should be kept out all winter. Dogs need socialization just as much as they enjoy the cold weather. A rule of thumb is that if your dog’s water freezes, then it is cold enough for the dog to be indoors, not because it is too cold, but that the dog needs a constant supply of fresh water. In the winter months, animal control officers prosecute the majority of animal neglect cases due to the owner failing to fresh (unfrozen) water.
Pet ownership is all about people using commonsense. People make life long careers in animal welfare because commonsense is not abundant in our communities.
The first thing removed from the budget during lean times is staff training. It is probably the last place funds should be touched. The best way to invest in your organization is through decent salaries and staff training.
A few days ago, the newspaper picked up on a story that animal control staff returned from a conference and wanted to implement TNR (Trap, Neuter and Release) program. The newspaper talked like this was something new and our community would be cutting edge by trapping cats.
Communities have been performing TNR for years. The fact that our community is starting it now only means that we are just catching up. If we had invested in staff training years ago and had the will to manage our community cats, we would be further along to become no kill.
Conferences are the place where our staff catches up with the rest of the world. It is important to send our best staff to training. If you were to pick a single conference to attend, I would suggest the Animal Care Expo.
The biggest problem that communities face with community cat programs is that no one takes responsibly for the medical needs of the cats. It is one thing to feed a neighborhood cat, but quite another to take on the responsibility to sterilize and vaccinate those cats. Many cat owners don’t do that for their own cats, let alone cats running loose in the neighborhood.
Although feeding these neighborhood cats is a humane act; that food creates at artificially high carry capacity for the neighborhood and triggers breeding. Within a few years the neighborhood population of cats explode, resulting in complaints to animal control. Generally, animal control doesn’t care about cat problems until complaints arise and then they set about to reduce the population to zero: resetting the population for the cycle to begin again.
A few communities have active Trap, Neuter and Release (TNR) programs to attempt to bring about community wide population stability. Those programs are only as successful as the staff and funding to constantly trap fertile cats. Feral cat colonies exist within communities to attempt to maintain a population stability in small pockets; however, cat owners see those colonies as a dumping ground for their own pets when they decide to abandon them.
You might imagine that finding homes for these “wild cats” might be the biggest issue for animals shelters; but, the disease that they bring into the shelters is the biggest problem. These unvaccinated cats become stressed by trapping and relocation to the shelter that trigger the expression of disease.
It is not uncommon to read about disease outbreaks of Feline Panleukopenia in local animal shelters. These outbreaks are usually the result of animal control personnel loading the shelter with feral cats. The disease is quite contagious and will spread quickly, when people come into the shelter wanting to touch every animal. In 2016/17, my shelter would get one outbreak under control, only to have animal control bring in more infected cats; we lived from one outbreak to another. Having animal control and the animal shelter under one department helps the two organization into moving in the right direction.
Most people, including TNR folks, are only worried about rabies, so the other contagious diseases are not addressed in the community. People who allow their cats to go outside should vaccinate their cats as directed by their veterinarian.
Many animal shelters vaccinate animals on intake, but the onset of protection is too slow to prevent an outbreak within the shelter. Control of shelter disease must start in the community. A good strategy for people wanting to surrender their pets is to request that the animal is fully vaccinated 30 days prior to surrender.