I have worked with a bunch of animal control officers who believe that dogs like to live at the same temperatures as their owners. To a small degree they are correct, but they are mostly wrong.
Northern breed dogs like colder temperatures. My dog’s favorite temperature range is just above freezing. Cold weather finally makes use of the dog’s fur and allows them to finally cool down from the summer months.
Some dogs, like Chihuahuas seem to never find temperatures warm enough for them. Every dog is different and it is important as a responsible pet owner to research the temperature range that is best suited for your breed. Veterinarians are a handy resource.
Just because you own a northern breed dog, doesn’t mean that the dog should be kept out all winter. Dogs need socialization just as much as they enjoy the cold weather. A rule of thumb is that if your dog’s water freezes, then it is cold enough for the dog to be indoors, not because it is too cold, but that the dog needs a constant supply of fresh water. In the winter months, animal control officers prosecute the majority of animal neglect cases due to the owner failing to fresh (unfrozen) water.
Pet ownership is all about people using commonsense. People make life long careers in animal welfare because commonsense is not abundant in our communities.